Round 1 中方强硬回应
Secretary Blinken and Mr. Sullivan,
The State Councillor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi and I have come to Anchorage, the United States to have this strategic dialogue with the United States. We hope that this dialogue will be a sincere and candid one. Both China and the United States are major countries in the world, and together we shoulder important responsibilities to the peace, stability and development of the world and the region.
In China we have just concluded the ‘lianghui’ or the two sessions of the National People's Congress and the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. During the sessions, we adopted the outline for the 14th Five Year Economic and Social Development Plan and the long-range objectives through the year 2035. For China, we are now in a historic year where we will move from finishing the first centenary goal to the second centenary goal. And by the year 2035 China will surely achieve basic modernisation and by the year 2050 China will achieve full modernisation.
China has made decisive achievements and important strategic gains in fighting COVID-19 and we have achieved a full victory in ending absolute poverty in China. China's per capita GDP is only 1/6 of that of the United States, but we have managed to end absolute poverty for all people in China, and we hope that other countries, especially the advanced countries will make similar efforts in this regard. And China has also made historic achievement in building the country into a moderately prosperous one in all respects. The Chinese people are closely rallying around the Communist Party of China. Our values are the same as the common values of humanity. Those are peace, development, fairness, justice, freedom and democracy.
What China and the international community follow or uphold is the United Nations centred international system, and the international order underpinned by international law, not what is advocated by a small number of countries of the so-called rules based international order.
And the United States has United States-style democracy and China has the Chinese-style democracy. It is not just up to the American people, but also the people of the world to evaluate how the United States has done in advancing its own democracy. In China's case, after decades of reform and opening up, we have come a long way in various fields. In particular, we have made tireless efforts to contribute to the peace and development of the world, and to upholding the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.
The wars in this world are launched by some other countries which have resulted in massive casualties, but for China, what we have asked for, for other countries, is to follow a path of peaceful development，and this is the purpose of our foreign policy. We do not believe in invading through the use of force or to topple other regimes through various means, or to massacre the people of other countries, because all of those would only cause turmoil and instability in this world.
And at the end of the day, all of those would not serve the United States well. So we believe that it is important for the United States to change its own image, and to stop advancing its own democracy in the rest of the world. Many people within the United States actually have little confidence in the democracy of the United States, and they have various views regarding the government of the United States.
The opinion polls conducted in the United States show that the leaders of China have the support of the Chinese people. No attempt to smear China's social system would get anywhere. Facts have shown that such practices would only lead the Chinese people to rally more closely around the Communist Party of China and work steadily towards the goals that we have set for ourselves.
In 1952 China adopted its first five year development plan. And now we are into the first year of the 14th five year development plan. We will continue along this path step by step. China's development is not just about delivering benefits for the people of China, but also about contributing to the development of the world in the 21st century.
China and the United States are both major countries and both shoulder important responsibilities. We must both contribute to the peace, stability and development of the world in areas such as COVID-19, restoring economic activities in the world, and responding to climate change. There are many things that we can do together, and where our interests converge.
So what we need to do is to abandon the cold-war mentality, and the zero-sum game approach, we must change the way we think and make sure that in this century, the 21st century, countries, big or small, particularly the big countries should come united together to contribute to the future of humanity and build a community with a shared future for humankind. It's also important for all of us to come together to build a new type of international relations featuring fairness, justice, and mutual respect. And on some regional issues, I think the problem is that the United States has exercised long-arm jurisdiction and suppression and overstretched the national security through the use of force or financial hegemony. And this has created obstacles for normal trade activities, and the United States has also been persuading some countries to launch attacks on China. And as for China we believe and we have handled import and export related issues according to scientific and technological standards.
Secretary Blinken, you said you just came back from Japan and the ROK, those two countries are China's second and third largest trading partners, ASEAN has now become China's largest trading partner, overtaking the European Union and the United States. So we do hope that the United States will develop sound relations with all countries in the Asia Pacific. We should have many mutual friends, this is the right way forward in the 21st century.
On the eve of the Chinese Lunar New Year, President Xi zhuxi and President Joe Biden had a phone conversation. The two presidents agreed to step up communication, manage differences and expand cooperation between our two countries. We are having this dialogue today to follow up on the common understandings of the two presidents raised during their phone conversation, and having this dialogue is in fact a decision made by the two presidents. So for the people of the two countries and the world, they're hoping to see practical outcomes coming out of our dialogue.
And for Xinjiang, Tibet and Taiwan, they are inalienable part of China's territory. China is firmly opposed to US interference in China's internal affairs. We have expressed our staunch opposition to such interference, and we will take firm actions in response.
On human rights, we hope the United States will do better on human rights. China has made steady progress in human rights. And the fact is that there are many problems within the United States regarding human rights which is admitted by the US itself as well. The United States has also said that countries can’t rely on force, in today's world, to resolve the challenges we face. And it is a failure to use various means to topple the so-called authoritarian states. And the challenges facing the United States in human rights are deep seated, they did not just emerge over the past four years, such as Black Lives Matter, it did not come up only recently.
So we do hope that for our two countries it’s important that we manage our respective affairs well instead of deflecting the blame on somebody else in this world. And for China, we will manage our own affairs well, and we hope to deliver a better life for our 1.4 billion Chinese people. This is the goal of China's diplomacy. And also, we will make our contribution to the peace and stability of the world.
Since breaking the ice between our two countries in our engagement several decades ago, China and the United States have achieved a lot together. This is the result of the concerted efforts of the people with vision of both countries, and this has been hard-won achievements. Although so much has changed in this world, it is important that our two countries think about how we can work together and expand our cooperation under the new circumstances.
If there is competition between our two countries, I think the competition focuses on the economic aspect, and in this area, as I have said just now, for frictions in our economic engagement. It is important to respond to them in a rational way, and seek win-win results. And China US trade has already achieved a lot, and we should do even better. The overwhelming majority of American businesses in China have said that China's business environment is good, and nobody has forced them to stay in China, they see a profit coming from their presence in China, and they see immense opportunities in China. That's why they are here in China.
And I believe that for our two countries under the new circumstances, we need to enhance communication, properly manage our differences and expand our cooperation instead of engaging in confrontation. While between our two countries we've had confrontation in the past, and the result did not serve the United States well. What did the United States gain from that confrontation? I didn't see any. And the only result was damages done to the United States.
And China will pull through and has pulled through such confrontation. So the way we see the relationship with the United States is as President Xi zhuxi has said, that is, we hope to see no confrontation, no conflict, mutual respect, and win-win cooperation with the United States. And actually during the phone call between the presidents, President Biden himself also talked about the importance of having no conflict or confrontation between our two countries. So at our level, I think it's vital that we do everything we can to fully and faithfully follow up and implement the understandings reached between our two presidents and bring back China-US relationship to the track of sound and steady growth.
On cyberattacks, let me say that whether it’s the ability to launch cyberattacks or the technologies that could be deployed, the United States is the Champion in this regard. You can’t blame this problem on somebody else. The United States itself does not represent international public opinion. And neither does the western world. Whether judged by population scale or the trend of the world, the western world does not represent the global public opinion.
So we hope that when talking about universal values or international public opinion on the part of the United States, we hope the US side will think about whether it feels reassured saying those things because the US does not represent the world, it only represents the government of the United States. I don't think the overwhelming majority of countries in the world would recognise that the universal values advocated by the United States or that the opinion of the United States could represent international public opinion, and those countries would not recognise that the rules made by a small number of people would serve as the basis for the international order.
Because Mr. Secretary and NSA Sullivan you have delivered some quite different opening remarks, mine would be slightly different as well.
Well, I will state quite brief compared with Director Yang.
Secretary Blinken NSA Sullivan
You have been involved in the relationship with China for many years, so you're also true friends for the Chinese people. And I would say that I am pleased to meet you today, and China, the Chinese delegation is here at the invitation of the United States. And as NSA Sullivan said Anchorage is the midpoint of the air route connecting our two countries, and it is fair to say that this place is a refilling station for China US exchanges and also a place that China and the United States can meet each other halfway.
And China certainly, in the past has not, and in the future will not accept the unwarranted accusations from the US side. In the past several years, China's legitimate rights and interests have come under outright suppression, plunging the China US relationship into a period of unprecedented difficulty. This has damaged the interests of our two peoples, and taken its toll on world stability and development, and this situation must no longer continue. And China urges the US side to fully abandon the hegemony practice of willfully interfering in China's internal affairs. This has been a long standing issue, and it should be changed. It is time for it to change. And in particular, on the 17th of March, United States escalated its so-called sanctions on China regarding Hong Kong, and Chinese people are outraged by this gross interference in China's internal affairs and Chinese side is firmly opposed to it.
Anchorage is a midpoint between China and the United States, but after all, it's still the United States territory, and I have said that the Chinese delegation has come here at the invitation of the United States. However, just on the day before our departure, the United States passed these new sanctions. This is not supposed to be the way one should welcome his guests. And we wonder if this is a decision made by the United States to try to gain some advantage in dealing with China, but certainly this is miscalculated and only reflects the vulnerability and weakness inside the United States, and this will not shake China's position or resolve on those issues.
And let me also say that the phone conversation that President Xi zhuxi and President Biden had on the eve of the Chinese New Year is a very important one. And during this phone conversation, they reached some common understandings that have pointed the way forward for us to bring back the China US relationship onto the right track. And the international community is following very closely our dialogue for today and tomorrow. They're watching whether our two sides will each demonstrate goodwill and sincerity and they are watching whether this dialogue will send out a positive signal to the world.
So we will be watching what will happen today and tomorrow. And if the United States is willing, I think our two sides should step up to this responsibility and deliver on this task that we are given. I will stop here. Thank you.
Round 2 美方叫回记者，补充发言
Round 2 中方严正回应
So was it carefully all planned? And was it carefully orchestrated with all the preparations in place? Is that the way that you had hoped to conduct this dialogue?
Well, I think we thought too well of the United States, we thought that the US side will follow the necessary diplomatic protocols.
So for China, it was necessary that we make our position clear.
So let me say here that in front of the Chinese side, the United States does not have the qualification to say that it wants to speak to China from a position of strength.
Now the US side was not even qualified to say such things even 20 years or 30 years back, because this is not the way to deal with the Chinese people.
If the United States wants to deal properly with the Chinese side, then let's follow the necessary protocols and do things the right way.
Cooperation benefits both sides.
In particular, this is the expectation of the people of the world.
Well, the American people are certainly a great people, but so are the Chinese people.
So, had the Chinese people not suffered enough in the past from the foreign countries?
Well, time has not been short since China started being encircled by the foreign countries.
Well, as long as China's system is right, with the wisdom of the Chinese people, there is no way to strangle China.
History will show that one can only cause damages to himself if he wants to strangle or suppress the Chinese people.
Well, the United States has talked about his cooperation to land on some other planet with the European side, China would welcome if there is a will to carry out similar cooperation from the United States with us.
Secretary Blinken and NSA Sullivan, you mentioned that during your engagement and the visit that Mr. Secretary had just recently, the two countries you visited mentioned coercion from China. We don't know if this is a direct complaint coming from those countries that you visited, or is it just the United States’ own view. Well, I think, for those relationships, for instance, China's relationship with the United States, with Japan and with Australia, I don't think we should lump them all just easily together, because for all of those relationships they each have their own set of issues and different positions are involved. So, to accuse China of coercion, even before showing the relevant views with China, is this the right attitude? Of course not.
If the United States would indiscriminately protect and speak up for those countries just because they are your allies or partners even for the wrong things that they have done, then it will be very difficult for international relations to develop properly. And so we don't think one should be so hasty, as to accuse some other country of coercion. Who is coercing whom? I think history and the international community will come to their own conclusions. But if the United States is interested in having those discussions with China, and then we are ready to have such discussions with the US side, but based on mutual respect, so that we can increase our mutual understanding on those issues.